BOTANICAL NAME: Ocimum basilicum, O. gratissimum, O. sanctum and O. canum.
There are several species of basil, all of them native to either Africa or Asia.
There are both perennial and annual basils, and their shape and size range from almost prostrate to mighty bushes two metres high.
Basil is predominantly a warm season plant. In cool climates, plant for summer cropping. Perennial basils thrive after a winter pruning.