SAVE YOUR SEED – Capsicum & chilli

Capsicum annum – from the Greek word, ‘to bite’, an allusion to the pungent properties of the fruit; annum is Latin for annual.

Origins

There is some controversy about the origins of chillies and capsicums. While some experts believe various species came from Mexico, it is generally accepted that the ancestors of chillies originated in an area of Bolivia and spread throughout Central and South America.

Cultivation

The minimum temperature for successful seed germination is 15 ºC. Seeds can be started indoors in winter and the seedlings planted out in spring when the danger of frost has passed. They require staking if strong winds are common.